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    March 10, 2020 8 min read

    Coronavirus: How To Protect Yourself

     

    We at Essentially Natural see you all as part of our community and family and as such, we consider it our duty to contribute, in a positive and proactive way, to awareness regarding Covid-19. The purpose of this informational post is apposite to information-sharing and education on the best ways to protect ourselves and our families, not to spread panic or fear-mongering.

    I was in Clicks and Checkers the other day chatting to the ladies at the counters and they were asking me why I was carrying and using a hand sanitiser. I told them SA had just gotten its first confirmed case of Coronavirus and that keeping good hygiene and washing your hands was the most effective way to prevent it. The hand washing prevention was complete news to them and it dawned on me how little correct information was available, especially to those who potentially don't know where to seek out correct information. So please, spread the word as you go about your day to day activities. Educate your kids, chat to your neighbors, co-workers, and get the word out.

     

    Who This Virus Affects

    Firstly, if you are a healthy adult and you catch the Coronavirus, you have a high chance of being absolutely fine. It is like catching the 'flu. It is more likely to be serious if elderly people, young children or those with pre-existing health conditions, weakened immune systems or weakened respiratory systems contract it. Keep your immune system up and you will be quite strong enough to fight it off. There is no need to panic.

     

    Symptoms And Spread

    The Covid-19 virus spreads from a sick person (who may or may not be displaying symptoms) to others via droplets and germs getting into the eyes, nose and mouth. But a sick person's saliva can get onto other things such as hands, door knobs, surfaces on public transport and public places, digital devices and pretty much anything they come into contact with. WASH YOUR HANDS, THOROUGHLY.

    There is currently a known incubation period of 1-14 days.

     

    Symptoms 

    Cough

    Sore throat

    Fever

    Shortness of breath

     

    Prevention Measures

    These are science backed, research based answers that are correct and up-to-date at time of publishing. For more reading please go to the World Health Organisation website: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019 

    And the Centres for Communicable Diseases website: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html 

     

    Firstly, create a plan for your family/household. Sit everyone down and have a discussion about it. Make a list of emergency contacts should you need them in the future. Set up a protocol for your family to follow if anyone comes in contact with the virus. If anyone in your family is more at risk, e.g. an elderly or immuno-compromised person, then make sure they know what to do.

     

    Prevention

    Wash your hands thoroughly with soap or an antibacterial handwash. This is the number one way to protect yourself from germs. Wash long enough to sing 'Happy Birthday' twice. And washing thoroughly means washing the back of your hands, between your fingers and under your nails for at least 20 seconds.

    Regularly disinfect and clean frequently used and touched surfaces.

    Avoid touching your face, mouth, nose or eyes with your hands, as hands pick up germs. 

    Avoid touching other people's faces.

    Practice respiratory hygiene: cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing.

    Maintain a distance of at least 2 metres between yourself and anyone who is sneezing or coughing.

    Avoid sharing items such as utensils, towels, tools etc.

    Sick people can wear a mask to help contain their germs, and you can wear a mask to lessen the chance of contracting other's germs, but this is by no means a failsafe and we do not recommend stock piling masks. Medical personnel and the sick need them.

     

    Travel

    If you are travelling, follow the prevention measures above. When you return home, self-monitor for 14 days to ensure you are not displaying any symptoms.

     

    What To Do If You Are Feeling Unwell, Displaying Symptoms Or Have Recently Been In Contact With Someone Who Has The Virus

    Self-quarantine. If your workplace does not have a protocol in place, call in sick and explain why you are staying home. Stay home for the full 14 days and avoid all public areas and human contact. 

    Then phone your doctor or clinic and ask for advice - they will be able to direct you on what to do next.

    Do not simply go to your doctor, clinic or hospital - you could be spreading germs. Call in first and ask for advice. If you do go to a public medical centre and you are unwell, wear a  mask.

    Wear a  face mask to help prevent the spread of your germs to anyone you come in contact with.

    Treat the symptoms as best you can. Treat any coughs, sore throats and fevers. Do not take antibiotics - antibiotics are not effective against the coronavirus.

     

    Protect And Boost Your Immune System

    The old adage "prevention is better than cure" holds strong here, so you will want to boost your immune system. Healthy people are unlikely to exhibit acute illness or death from coronavirus. Make sure you are eating well, exercising, getting enough sleep and managing stress levels. Take any immune boosters that work well for you.



    What Products Can Be Used

    Barring a very few, most products have not been tested for efficacy specifically against the coronavirus. So use what you know to be antibacterial, antiviral and effective against germs. The CDC does recommend using minimum 60% alcohol for disinfecting. 

     

    Isopropyl Alcohol

    Right now, alcohol is the most effective preventative measure. Use alcohol based detergents to wipe surfaces. Use at least a 60% strength alcohol, as recommended by the CDC. You can use higher percentages too.

    Alcohol-based soaps, handwashes and surface cleaners are the most effective. Alcohol kills 99% of germs, bacteria and viruses on hands.

     

    Hydrogen Peroxide

    Hydrogen peroxide is an excellent disinfectant and is considered environmentally safe as it breaks down to water and oxygen

    How to use:

    3% hydrogen peroxide undiluted in a spray bottle.

    Spray onto surfaces, leave on for several minutes then wipe off.

     

    Iodine

    Use according to manufacturer's directions as an antiseptic and disinfectant.


    Colloidal Silver

    Colloidal silver is popularly punted as having antibacterial and antiseptic properties, and while these have not been widely scientifically tested and proven in instances of ingestion, it is proven to have an antiseptic and antimicrobial effect when applied to the skin (hence its use in bandages and various sports products). Colloidal silver has not been tested against the coronavirus, but there is certainly no harm in adding it to your soaps and detergents. 


    Essential Oils

    Essential oils have not been tested specifically against the coronavirus, but here are a list of essential oils that have been scientifically proven to contain compounds that fight and kill various pathogens, germs and bacteria:

    Garlic has antimicrobial properties. It also inhibits pathogen incubation time

    Oregano and  clove exhibit strong antiviral properties. 

    Cinnamoncloveoregano and rosemary have strong antibacterial and antifungal effects. 

    Thyme also has antibacterial effects

    Oregano and clove were standouts against the majority of pathogens tested in the studies.

    Essential oils are recognised medically and are considered to be potent against a diverse range of pathogens


    For more reading on all the chemical disinfectants recommended by the CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/guidelines/disinfection/disinfection-methods/chemical.html

     

    Recipes

    Finding the hygiene shelves at the store empty? You can easily make up your own effective sanitising sprays and hand washes to keep your hands and home germ free.


    The World Health Organisation actually has two DIY formulations for antiseptic and antibacterial ‘handrubs’ for use in circumstances such as this, which can be found here:https://www.who.int/gpsc/5may/Guide_to_Local_Production.pdf 

    Here is the recipe for 1L, amounts corrected for using 85% isopropyl alcohol:

    931ml isopropyl alcohol

    50ml  hydrogen peroxide 3% 

    19ml vegetable glycerine

    Add the alcohol to your mixing container (it's best if it has a cap or lid so as to prevent any evaporation of the alcohol), then add the hydrogen peroxide and lastly add the glycerine. Stir well and then decant into glass jars. 



    Bacteria Busting Disinfectant For Hands

    1.5 cup isopropyl alcohol

    ⅓ c  aloe vera gel -Alternatives when aloe gel is out of stock:  bulbinella extracthydrosols and  calendula infusion.

    15ml  vegetable glycerine

    20 drops  bacteria buster essential oil blend

    Mix everything together and keep in a handy spray bottle in your car and handbag.


    For sanitising surfaces it is not necessary to use aloe vera gel. You can simply combine the alcohol with the essential oil blend or use 15 drops of clove and oregano essential oils in a spray bottle and use on surfaces and appliances.



    Anti-Germ Hand Wash Recipe

    This recipe combines cleansing surfactants with the power of colloidal silver and 70% isopropyl alcohol.

    Pump bottle

    9% or 22.5ml  coco glucoside

    10% or 25ml  cocamidopropyl betaine

    10% or 25ml  vegetable glycerine

    68% or 90ml water + 60ml colloidal silver + 20ml isopropyl alcohol (for a more gentle version, mix the water part with aloe vera gel)

    5ml OliveM 300 (optional but recommended)

    5ml essential oils - use  bacteria buster or a blend of other antibacterial oils as mentioned above

    2-3 drops  geogard 221 or  euxyl 940

    Weigh out the surfactants and stir gently to blend them. Then stir in the veg glycerine, then the water, colloidal silver and alcohol mixture in a few additions, stirring in between each.

    Dollop out some of the handwash into another bowl and stir in your essential oils and preservative, then add it all back into the main mixture. This just helps it combine better. If you are using the OliveM 300, add this in now too.

    Test the pH, and if necessary adjust it down by adding a small amount of citric acid solution (a few citric acid crystals in some water). If you want to thicken the hand wash you can add in a pinch of xanthan gum or some salt and blend well with a stick/immersion blender. Decant into a pump bottle and use often!



    Zero Waste Wet Wipes

    There is going to be much waste produced from the panic surrounding Covid-19. To lessen your waste footprint, why not try DIY reusable wet wipes.


    Gauze swabs or cut up fabric

    Good for the Ground packet for storage

    Solution: 

    5% bacteria buster

    45% isopropyl alcohol

    50% aloe vera gel - alternatives when aloe gel is out of stock:  bulbinella extracthydrosols and  calendula infusion.

     

    Make up the solution and soak the gauze swabs in it. Then seal them up in the packet (squeeze out all the air before sealing) and keep in your handbag for use when out. To reuse, sterilize them in boiling water and alcohol, and hang up to dry. Then you can simply repeat.



    Essential Oil Antibacterial Burner Blends

    Burning essential oils is a good way to diffuse their germ fighting components into the air. Try these oils:

    Bacteria buster

    Oregano on it's own

    Oregano + tea tree

    Cinnamoncloveeucalyptuslemon, and rosemary

    Clove + citrus oils


    Now that you are armed with knowledge of what to do and how to protect yourself, there is absolutely no reason to panic. Simply keep hygienic and healthy and carry on.

     

    Latest read: Fighting The Coronavirus P2: What To Do Now


    3 Responses

    Anita
    Anita

    March 18, 2020

    This is very useful. Thank you.

    Juliette
    Juliette

    March 12, 2020

    It’s a pleasure Jess, glad you found it useful!

    Jess G
    Jess G

    March 12, 2020

    Thank you for the information and the recipes.

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