FREE DELIVERY FOR ALL ORDERS OVER R400. Our courier partners are currently delivering in 2-7 working days, nationwide. See our FAQ PAGE for further information.

0

Your Cart is Empty

Continue Shopping
    • R 0.00 Subtotal
    • Spend R 400.00 more to qualify for FREE DELIVERY

    • SAFE & SECURE SHOPPING & PAYMENT

      Mastercardmobicred VisaZapper

    June 06, 2018 4 min read

    How to Make a Homemade Lotion

    Lotion making... For some reason it conjures up the image of medieval ladies cooking up little pots of creams in my mind (don’t laugh), and I’m immediately daunted. I love making my own skin and body products, but as soon as melting or cooking is involved I’m put off by the mess and complicated-ness. In this week’s blog, we reveal the lotion making process and see why it's worth the effort. If you’re a novice at making lotions and creams or want to get into DIY, read on!

    What’s in a (homemade) lotion or cream?

    A lotion or cream is an emulsion, a mix between oil and aqueous phases. This process makes use of emulsifiers  to blend the oil and aqueous phases together so that they don't separate. There are two types of emulsions: the ‘oil-in-water’ (O/W) emulsion when oil is dispersed in the water phase, and the ‘water-in-oil’ (W/O) emulsion where the water phase is dispersed in the oil phase. W/O emulsions contain 45-80% oil phase and have a heavier, greasier feel; they are generally night creams or extra moisturising body creams for dry skin. O/W emulsions contain 10-35% oil phase and are typically lighter day creams and lotions.

    Insert: Don’t be confused by the percentages, you can simply convert them to grams or milliliters, as a total of 100% can be equivalent to 100ml or 100g, as long as you keep the same units with all ingredients.

    Let's chat a little about the key ingredient in any emulsion, the emulsifier. Olive M900 is a water-in-oil emulsifier, whereas Olive M1000 is an oil-in-water emulsifier, but may be used for water-in-oil emulsions too. Both are natural emulsifiers derived from olives, as the name suggests. There are also emulsifying waxes  which are wonderfully easy to use. Lotions and creams using an emulsifier turn out richer, creamier and more like your typical product found in stores than the simple oil- and butter-based 'creams' which don’t use an emulsifier. But the good thing is, emulsifier or not, homemade lotions are completely natural and free of toxic chemicals. They can also be made to suit your tastes and skin needs and can be made vegan (omit the beeswax, use these alternatives instead: carnauba, kahlwax). Use a natural preservative such as Geogard 221  or Geogard Ultra to give your lotions and creams a longer shelf life.

    Ok, now that we know what’s in a lotion and a bit about the chemistry, let's get into some recipes. Technically you can use any carrier oil and butter in your oil phase. I like a blend of almond and jojoba oil, but feel free to experiment with your favorite oils. You can also use whichever essential oils suit your needs and nose. It is important to sterilise all utensils and equipment before making your lotions and it is best to use an immersion blender (stick blender) for all the mixing.


    Vanilla Body Butter (O/W emulsion)

    35% oil phase { 10ml jojoba oil

                                10ml macadamia oil

                                  5ml avocado oil

                                  7ml Olive M1000

                                  3ml cetyl alcohol

    60% aqueous phase { 60ml distilled water

    5% cool down phase { 1ml preservative such as Geogard 221

                                          2ml D-Panthenol (ProVitamin B5)

                                          2ml vanilla oil

    Sterilise all equipment. Heat the aqueous phase in a water bath (bowl over pan of simmering water) to 70 degrees. At the same time, heat the oil phase in a separate water bath also to 70 degrees. When both phases have reached 70 degrees, remove from heat and slowly add the oil phase into the water phase, stirring continuously. As emulsion takes place, place the bowl in some cold water to cool, still stirring. When the mixture cools to 50 degrees, add the preservative, panthenol and vanilla. Keep stirring until room temperature, then pour into a glass jar and store in a cool place.

     

    Healing Frankincense and Myrrh Lotion

    1 T olive oil or sweet almond oil

    1 T coconut oil

    1 T emulsifying wax

    ½ c distilled water

    10 drops frankincense essential oil

    10 drops myrrh essential oil

    As always, sterilise all utensils before you use them. Melt the emulsifying wax and the coconut oil in a water bath. Remove from the heat and stir in the almond or olive oil. Slowly blend in the water. Return to the water bath, stirring all the time until the mixture becomes creamy and thickens. Blend in the essential oils, then let cool. Pour into a pump bottle or jar and store in a cool place.

     

    Orange Bliss Hand Cream (W/O emulsion)

    70% oil phase { 20ml calendula oil

                                20ml sunflower oil

                                20ml mango butter

                                10ml Olive M900

    27% aqueous phase { 21ml floral hydrosol of your choice

                                            5ml glycerine

                                            1ml epsom salt

    3% cool down phase { 1ml preservative such as Geogard 221

                                          1ml vitamin E oil

                                          5 drops orange essential oil

                                          2 drops each of lavenderbenzoin and ylang ylang

    Sterilise all equipment. Heat the aqueous phase in a water bath (bowl over pan of simmering water) to 70 degrees. At the same time, heat the oil phase in a separate water bath also to 70 degrees. When both phases have reached 70 degrees, remove from heat and slowly trickle the water phase into the oil phase, blending continuously. When the temperature drops to 40 degrees, add the cool down phase ingredients one by one, blending after each addition. You may need to experiment a bit with the amounts of essential oils, to suit your taste. Cool to room temperature, pour into a glass jar and store in a cool place

     

    Hopefully this blog has made lotion making a bit easier to understand. It may be a bit of a learning curve when first working with emulsifiers but I hope this inspires you. Happy cooking!

     

    Lotion Making Part 2 is out - read it here!


    4 Responses

    Juliette
    Juliette

    August 26, 2020

    Hi Lindy, I’m guessing it would depend on your scale of production. If you’re just making small batches to sell at a craft market for instance I doubt anyone will come asking for anything. But if you are mass producing for the retail market then I’m sure you would need to have some kind of certification. Perhaps get in touch with someone like the Soil Association, they might be able to advise.

    Lindy
    Lindy

    August 26, 2020

    Hello, I’ve been making lotion and am wondering what the South African laws are with regards to selling these. Is there some kind of testing that needs to be done before you’re allowed to sell, or is this not a must/law?

    Juliette
    Juliette

    March 05, 2020

    Hi Ronel, in this case I wouldn’t worry about heating up to 70 degrees. I don’t think that is necessary. You should just be able to dissolve the geogard ultra powder in the water and follow the recipe as usual.
    Let me know how it goes!

    Juliette

    Ronel Brammer
    Ronel Brammer

    March 05, 2020

    Good Evening,

    I am very keen to try out the Rose and Cardamon lotion in your Lotion making part 2 section. The only trouble is that I have Ultra Geogard instead of Geogard 221 and I am not sure how to use it. Since it is a powder I think have to dissove it. I found a recipe on the internet where the person dissolved it in water and heated it up to 70 degrees. At the same time they also heated up the oils to 70 degrees and added the two solutions together.

    Can you help at all?

    I really enjoy your website and have ordered some products from you.

    Kind regards
    Ronel Brammer

    Leave a comment

    Comments will be approved before showing up.